WHO recommends preventative measures to reduce your risk of coronavirus infection. Wash your hands frequently. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Avoid eating raw meat and unnecessary contact with wild animals. Thoroughly cook meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone with flu-like symptoms. If you develop a fever, cough, or difficulty breathing, seek medical care early. Take particular precaution while travelling. If you suspect you may have coronavirus, please call your healthcare provider in advance and let them know you are coming. We must also protect health workers too.

Avoiding touching the face People should avoid touching their eyes, nose, and mouth with their hands, especially if they are unwashed. This can help limit the spread of germs and reduce the likelihood of them getting sick. The hands come into contact with several surfaces throughout the day, and they may pick up viruses this way. A new report suggests that SARS-CoV-2 can remain on certain surfaces for up to 3 days. If a person then touches their face, viruses can transfer to the eyes, nose, or mouth and enter the body.

Limiting contact with others People should take care to avoid coming into close contact with others — especially those who are older, unwell, or have symptoms of the virus. The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend staying 6 feet away from anyone who is coughing or sneezing. This is because when a person coughs or sneezes, small droplets containing the virus leave their mouth and nose. Other people can then breathe these droplets in and catch any virus that the droplets may contain. If a person lives within a community where coronavirus is present, the relevant government will likely have additional instructions on how to implement social distancing. These may include:

  • staying home from work or working from home
  • avoiding contact with anyone who is not a member of the household
  • prohibiting large gatherings of people
  • closing nonessential services, including bars and restaurants

This is especially important for people at higher risk of getting seriously ill from COVID-19, such as older adults and people with the following underlying health conditions:

  • heart disease
  • lung disease
  • diabetes People at higher risk may also need to take extra precautions, such as self-isolating by staying at home.


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